Balanced Microphone Preamplifier
Circuit diagram:Balanced Microphone Preamplifier Circuit DiagramPower supply:Power Supply For Balanced Microphone Preamplifier
Resistor R3 prevents the amplifier going into oscillation when the input is open circuit. If the microphone cable is of reasonable length, R3 is not necessary, since the parasitic capacitance of the cable ensures stability of the amplifier. It should be noted, however, that R3 improves the CMR from >70 dB to >80 dB. Performance of the preamplifier is very good. The THD+N (total harmonic distortion plus noise) is smaller than 0.1% with an input signal of 1 mV and a source impedance of 50 Ω. Under the same conditions, the signal-to-noise ratio is –62.5 dBA. With component values as specified, the gain of the amplifier is 50 dB (´316). After careful adjustment of P1 at 1 kHz, the CMR, without R3, is 120 dB. The supply voltage is ±15 V. The amplifier draws a current at that voltage of about 5.5 mA. Note the decoupling of the supply lines with L1, L2, C2–C5.
Author: T. Giesberts
Copyright: Elektor Electronics 1998