Pan Pot Circuit Diagram
Series resistors R7 and R12 serve to ensure that the outputs can handle capacitive loads. Coupling capacitors C3, C6, and C9, may be omitted if an offset voltage of 20–30 mV is of no consequence in the relevant application. Capacitors C2, C5, and C8, ensure that the op amps remain stable even at unity gain. Capacitors C1, C4, and C7, minimize any r.f. interference, resulting in a usable bandwidth of 2.5 Hz to 200 kHz. The performance of the circuit is of sufficiently high quality to allow the pot being incorporated in good-quality control panels. Total harmonic distortion plus noise (THD+N) at a frequency of 1 kHz and a bandwidth of 22 kHz is 0.0014%. Over the band 20 Hz to 20 kHz and a bandwidth of 80 dB, this figure is still only 0.0023%. The circuit needs a power supply of ±18 V, from which it draws a current of about 16 mA.